quarta-feira, 19 de novembro de 2008

Sinais de crise: a indústria automóvel norte americana

General Motors à beira do colapso


Fotografia de Rebecca Cook/Reuters

Notícia do jornal Público
A sede mundial do gigante automóvel General Motors em Detroit, no estado do Michigan, nos EUA. Os líderes máximos da GM, Ford e Chrysler transmitiram ontem ao Congresso um cenário negro da indústria, cujas grandes marcas se encontram à beira da falência caso não recebam ajudas do Estado. Os líderes destes três grandes fabricantes mundiais pediram apoios que envolvem 25 mil milhões de dólares (19,8 mil milhões de euros), valor idêntico ao primeiro programa aprovado em Setembro, apesar da oposição política à criação de um novo programa de salvamento da indústria automóvel.

E que tal produzirem carros mais ecológicos que não consumam qualquer coisa como 10 ou 20 litros por cada 100 km?
Em alternativa há que apostar nos veículos eléctricos...

sexta-feira, 7 de novembro de 2008

Para reflectir no futuro imediato

Obama Will Need Energy Realism, Not More Economic Alchemy
Submitted by Julian Darley on November 5, 2008 - 12:32pm.

America and the world wakes this morning to a landscape of new possibilities. We also wake up to a daunting list of problems, most of which are now well known. Yet still there is one problem that was never mentioned by either presidential candidate, no doubt for their own good reasons. The problem is one that has been waiting in the wings since 1859. Or 1846 if you live in Russia.These are the dates of the first oil wells in the world, and they mark the beginning of our dependence on oil, a dependence which is now being forced into reverse.

Peak oil and decline has to become a dominant factor in political and business planning because otherwise, the wrong remedies are going to be applied to the wrong causal diagnosis. The world headlines this morning helpfully remind Obama and his new team that they face some severe economic woes. I am sure they are very grateful for that information.

What they need to hear about are the underlying reasons for the financial meltdown, the credit crisis and ensuing economic contraction. Jeff Rubin, of CIBC, makes the case strongly in a recent report, that high oil prices - caused by supply constraints not meeting demand - are the real cause of the economic crash.


The chart shows that all but one of the last five recessions have followed sharp rises in oil prices.Obama's new economic advisers will surely also be looking at such graphs, but will they notice how dramatically different the 21st century price rise curve is, and will they ask why? Unless they do, it seems likely that we see economic alchemy being practiced rather than economic realism. In the past that has lead to exuberance and temporary consumer happiness. This time will be different.

Let us hope that Obama's cabinet will be able to swim through the sea of position papers now deluging them and see that we are now entering a new age of global energy and economic contraction. If they do see this, they may also see that this is the key which opens the door to a new age of local resilience and regional reliance, an age of relocalization.